Construction of underground heat accumulator
Heat accumulator technical data
Heat accumulator capacity (water temperature change from 75 to 55 degrees C): 202 megajoules
Heat accumulator capacity (water temperature change from 75 to 30 degrees C): 455 megajoules
Maximal power: 15 kilowatts
Water volume: 2420 litres
Water work temperature: 0... 75 degrees C
Depth: 2,4 metres
Width: 1,65 metres
Heat capacity calculation
Specific heat capacity for liquid water is 4,18 KJ/(KG*K).
If the water temperature change is 20 degrees K (from 75 to 55 degrees C) and the water mass is 2420 kilograms:
accumulator capacity is 202 megajoules.
If the water temperature change is 45 degrees K (from 75 to 30 degrees C):
accumulator capacity is 455 megajoules.
In kilowatt-hour (KWh)
One kilowatt-hour is equal to 3,6 mega joule.
For temperatures from +75 to +55 degrees C, accumulator capacity is 56,1 kilowatt hours, and for temperatures from +75 to +30 degrees C accumulator capacity is 126,4 Kwatt-hours.
In amper-hours (Ah)
(for comparison, with 12 volt electrical accumulator)
One kilowatt-hour is equal to 83,(3) Amper from 12 volt electricity source during 1 hour. Or one kilowatt-hour is equal to 83,3 Ah for 12-volt accumulator.
For temperatures from +75 to +55 degrees C, accumulator capacity is 4675 Amper-hours, and for temperatures from +75 to +30 degrees C accumulator capacity is 10533 Amper-hours. (150 car electric accumulators)
Heat accumulator sketch
1 - liquid water
2 - spiral heat exchanger (copper pipe, diameter 20 millimeters)
3 - support for heat exchanger and thermometer
4 - thermometer
5 - thermal insulation
XPS - Extruded polystyrene boards Fibran-Eco RF, dimensions 40x600x1250, thermal conductivity 0,035 Watt/(metre*Kelvin), thermal resistance 1,14 (sq.metre*Kelvin)/Watt
6 - concrete
7 - concrete floor
8 - ground
9 - heat and cold pipes
10 - electric heater (800 Watt, 220 volt, length 1,9 metre)
11 - waste water-pipe
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